BERD

Last updated 23 November 2017

The Business Expenditure on Research and Development (BERD) in Scotland has decreased from 0.61 per cent of GDP in 2014 to 0.60 per cent of GDP in 2015.   Between 2014 and 2015, the gap between Scotland and the EU28 has remained the same at 0.63 percentage points.

Maintaining

Importance

Innovation, including research and development, is crucial for businesses to maintain profitability and competitiveness, and to provide high value products and services in a competitive, globalised knowledge-based economy. It is considered to be a key determinant of productivity growth and economic performance.

Methodology

This indicator measures Scotland's Business Expenditure on Research and Development as a percentage of GDP compared to EU28 average. Criteria for dashboard recent performance colour: any difference in the gap within +/- 0.05 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A decrease in the gap of 0.05 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving; whereas an increase of 0.05 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.

Sources

Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) expenditure estimates for Scotland are published annually by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). These data are then published, in more detail with accompanying European comparisons, by the Scottish Government as part of its annual Gross Expenditure on R&D Scotland publication - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD

Data

 Download BERD Chart Data

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