Gross Expenditure on Research and Development

Last updated 23 November 2017

Between 2014 and 2015 the gap in total research and development spending as a percentage of GDP between Scotland and the EU remained constant at 0.49 percentage points.

Maintaining

Importance

Investment in R&D is a key indicator of the level of innovation in a country. It supports the development of new knowledge and enhanced products and services. Gross Expenditure on R&D (GERD) includes that of businesses, government and higher education.

Methodology

This indicator measures Scotland's Gross Expenditure on Research and Development as a percentage of GDP compared to EU28 average. Criteria for dashboard recent performance colour: any difference in the gap within +/- 0.05 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A decrease in the gap of 0.05 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving; whereas an increase of 0.05 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.

Sources

Data on the components of GERD in Scotland are published annually by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). These data are then published, in more detail with accompanying European comparisons, by the Scottish Government as part of its annual Gross Expenditure on R&D Scotland publication - http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/RD

Data

Download GERD Chart Data

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