Inclusion – Women

Last updated 23 November 2017

The share of women in employment that are self-employed in Scotland has increased from 8.2 per cent in 2015 to 9.1 per cent in 2016.  Although the female self employment rate is currently at a series high, there is still a significant gap with the male self employment rate (16.1 per cent in 2016).  The gap between the female and male self employment rate widened from 6.6 percentage points in 2015 to 7.0 percentage points in 2016.



Entrepreneurship is an important driver of economic growth and entrepreneurship has broadly been associated with increasing equality across socioeconomic and demographic groups in society. Men are far more likely to be self-employed than women, and so one way to increase entrepreneurship would be to increase self-employment amongst women. Whilst self-employment for both men and women has increased over recent years, perhaps influenced by a less buoyant job market, there's still a significant gap between male and female self employment rates, suggesting that there are still barriers to self-employment for women in particular.


The indicator measures the gap between female and male self-employment rates. The self-employment rate is the percentage of those in employment who are self-employed. Criteria for dashboard recent performance colour: any difference in the gap within +/- 0.5 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A decrease in the gap of 0.5 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving; whereas an increase of 0.5 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.


This indicator is sourced from the Annual Population Survey:


 Download Inclusion - women Char Data

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