Inclusion – Young People

Last updated 23 November 2017

The share of 16-34 year olds in employment that are self-employed has increased from 6.5 per cent in 2015 to 6.6 per cent in 2016.  However, the gap in self-employment rates between those aged 16-34 and 35+ in Scotland increased from 7.8 percentage points in 2015 to 9.4 percentage points in 2016.

Needs Focus


Entrepreneurship is an important driver of economic growth and entrepreneurship has broadly been associated with increasing equality across socioeconomic and demographic groups in society. Self-employment rates amongst young people are lower than those seen across the population as a whole, and increasing this rate is one way therefore to increase entrepreneurship more generally.


The indicator measures the gap between youth (16-34) self employment rate and the 35+ self-employment rate. The self-employment rate is the percentage of those in employment who are self-employed. Criteria for dashboard recent performance colour: any difference in the gap within +/- 0.5 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change. A decrease in the gap of 0.5 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving; whereas an increase of 0.5 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.


This indicator is sourced from the Annual Population Survey:


Download Inclusion - Young Persons Chart Data

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